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HomeEducationDIFFERENCE BETWEEN REFUGEE AND ASYLUM SEEKER

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Mojatu Foundation

By Lubna Mushtaq

The majority of people in the world have experienced leaving their hometown.

Perhaps they will merely travel to the next village or city. However, other people will be forced to leave their countries totally, probably for a short period of time, but occasionally for good.

Refugees and asylum seekers flee war, internal unrest, and persecution by their own governments due to circumstances arising from issues such as their ethnic origins, political, religious, or social activities.

Refugees and asylum seekers are a diverse bunch, but they all have one thing in common: they are forced migrants fleeing persecution in their home countries. 

They can be unaccompanied children, single men and women, single parents, families with children, or older people who have left families behind. Refugees come from a wide range of cultures, races, and countries around the world.

According to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), the number of refugees and internally displaced individuals worldwide is estimated to be between 23 million and 50 million, with the latter figure including those who are not officially recognised.

In 2020, the UK authorities received asylum applications from 37,550 people (including dependants).

This is around three times less than the number of applications received each year by Germany (124,380), France (103,370) and Spain (108,225).

Around 43% of people seeking asylum in the UK in 2020 were women and children.

Overall, 8% were children who had arrived in the UK alone without a parent or guardian.

The terms asylum seekers and refugees are often interchanged and confused. Many do not know the difference between the two terms.

A person who has left his/her country and is seeking protection from persecution and serious human rights violations in another country, but who has not yet been officially recognised as a refugee and is awaiting a judgement on their asylum claim, is known as an asylum seeker.

Asylum is a basic human right.

This means that everyone should be free to seek asylum in another country. 

Asylum seekers may refer to themselves as refugees because that is their goal, but they are still considered asylum seekers while waiting for a verdict on their application for refugee status.

A refugee is a person who has fled his/her own country because he/she is at risk of serious human rights violations and persecution there.

The risks to the safety and lives of refugees before they flee their countries were so great that they felt they had no choice but to leave and seek safety outside their home countries since their own government cannot or will not protect them from those dangers.

Refugees have a right to international protection.

When refugees flee, they are registered with an official agency, such as a government or the United Nations.

This allows them to gain access to state and international aid and assistance.

In an attempt to fulfil some of the physical and psychological health requirements of refugees and asylum seekers, a number of non-governmental health organizations around the UK provide an excellent service, often with very low resources.

Mojatu Foundation is one such organisation based in Nottingham. It works together with this community and assists in the delivery of services to satisfy their requirements.

The foundation helps them by providing clothes, food donations, house appliances/equipment, baby related products like toys, nappies etc. 

Mojatu also assists them in getting work and provides references for them as needed. Language problems prevent some refugees from going to a doctor, so help is provided by fixing an appointment with the doctor. 

Mojatu offers free of cost English learning courses since speaking and understanding English language is the barrier for most of the refugees and asylum seekers.

Mental health support is offered by one-on-one sessions with a trusted member of the organisation.

Visa and immigration assistance is offered when required. The foundation works together with the Grace Church Nottingham as well as The Arc Charity Nottingham.

For help and support contact info@mojatufoundation.org / +441158457009

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